Wednesday, October 22, 2014
FAIRFIELD-SUISUN, CALIFORNIA
99 CENTS

Recognize any of these early pioneers?

bates column sig

By
From page A2 | February 21, 2013 |

If you haven’t heard of many of these pioneers, you’re not alone, as most of them are not included in any books. In fact, the idea for this column came when I received a brochure in the mail from the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture. The museum is being built on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., located on five acres adjacent to the Washington Monument and the National Museum of History.

The museum ground-breaking ceremony took place Feb. 22, 2012.

Their colorful brochure caught my attention, and I went about looking for others who lived and aspired for a better life in times far different from ours.

“Few will have the greatness to bend history itself, but each of us can work to change a small portion of events, and in the total of these acts will be written the history of each generation,” Robert Kennedy once said.

Meet Bessie Coleman, the first African-American woman to earn a pilot’s license. She grew up dreaming of a career in aviation but was not allowed to attend U.S. flight schools. So she trained in France, earned her pilot’s license in 1921, and returned to the U.S. to become a barnstorming entertainer in the 1920s.

Charles Patterson escaped from slavery in West Virginia and went on to launch a successful automobile company in Ohio that was owned and operated by African-Americans. From 1915 to 1930, the Patterson-Greenfield Company manufactured its own line of cars, truck and buses. The company closed during the Great Depression.

Coppin State University in Baltimore is named after Fanny Jackson Coppin, the first African-American principal of an educational institution. Born into slavery, her aunt purchased her freedom for $125. Coppin mastered Latin, Greek and mathematics after enrolling at Oberlin College in 1860. She served as a principal for 32 years.

Oliver Lewis, on May 17, 1875, was the first jockey to win the Kentucky Derby during its inaugural race at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Ky. Fourteen of the 15 jockeys in the historic race were African-Americans.

On July 9, 1893, Daniel Hale Williams became the first doctor to perform a successful open-heart surgery. He graduated from what is now Northwestern University Medical School in 1883, establishing Provident Hospital and Training School Association in 1891. Three years later, he was named chief surgeon at the Freedmen’s Hospital in Washington, D.C., on Howard University’s campus. He helped set up the National Medical Association and served as vice president. He became the first African-American member of the American College of Surgeons in 1913.

Sgt. William H. Carney earned the first Medal of Honor as a member of the 54th Massachusetts Colored Infantry on July 18, 1863. He was one of the 27 who joined the infantry once the Civil War formed the black Army units.

Born a slave in rural Grundy County, Tenn., Georgia Patton Washington dreamed of becoming a medical missionary. In 1893, she became not only the first woman to earn a medical degree from Meharry Medical College, but also the first woman of color licensed to practice medicine and surgery in the state of Tennessee.

Hiram R. Revels, minister and politician, became the first black senator in the U.S. Congress on Feb. 25, 1870. A Republican from Mississippi, he served for 13 months. Revels also served as a chaplain during the Civil War. After retirement from politics, he became president of Alcorn University.

Inventor and engineer Garrett A. Morgan received a patent for his three-way traffic signal on Nov. 20, 1923. The red, green or amber light revolutionized traffic control. Shortly before his death in 1963, the United States government awarded him a citation for his invention.

Charles Randolph Uncles became the first black Catholic priest to be ordained in the United States on Dec. 19, 1891. Ordained at the then-Cathedral of the Assumption in Baltimore, he was fluent in Latin, Greek and French and served as a priest for 42 years.

If you would like to make a donation, please go top the museum’s website at www.AfricanAmerican.si.edu and click on the Donate link at the top-right portion of the home page.

Mayrene Bates is a trustee on the Solano County Board of Education.

Mayrene Bates

Mayrene Bates is a trustee with the Solano County Board of Education.
LEAVE A COMMENT

Discussion | No comments

The Daily Republic does not necessarily condone the comments here, nor does it review every post. Read our full policy

.

Solano News

Crime key topic again at Fairfield candidates night

By Ryan McCarthy | From Page: A1, 34 Comments | Gallery

 
Logue wins US Chamber of Commerce support

By Ryan McCarthy | From Page: A1

 
Dixon corn maze breaks own world record

By Jess Sullivan | From Page: A2, 1 Comment | Gallery

Car washes raising money to fight breast cancer

By Susan Hiland | From Page: A3

 
Fairfield Police Department promotes 2, honors 1

By Ryan McCarthy | From Page: A3 | Gallery

 
Families Helping Families preps for holidays

By Amy Maginnis-Honey | From Page: A3

Charity Tree Auction application deadline nears

By Amy Maginnis-Honey | From Page: A3

 
Tots can trick-or-treat at Solano Town Center

By Amy Maginnis-Honey | From Page: A3

 
School district to send unneeded items to Belize

By Susan Winlow | From Page: A4

2 new challenges part of 2014 Solano Turkey Trot

By Amy Maginnis-Honey | From Page: A4 | Gallery

 
PAL center seeks volunteers

By Jess Sullivan | From Page: A4, 1 Comment

 
Suisun council splits on housing element changes

By Ian Thompson | From Page: A5

$1.4M land sale by Fairfield gets OK

By Ryan McCarthy | From Page: A6

 
Solano names new First 5 director

By Ian Thompson | From Page: A6

Action, thriller movies headed to box office

By Amy Maginnis-Honey | From Page: A7

 
Fairfield police log: Oct. 20, 2014

By Susan Hiland | From Page: A12

Fairfield police log: Oct. 19, 2014

By Susan Hiland | From Page: A12

 
Fairfield police log: Oct. 18, 2014

By Susan Hiland | From Page: A12

Suisun City police log: Oct. 20, 2014

By Susan Hiland | From Page: A12

 
Suisun City police log: Oct. 19, 2014

By Susan Hiland | From Page: A12

Suisun City police log: Oct. 18, 2014

By Susan Hiland | From Page: A12

 
.

US / World

Assad pursues withering campaign against rebels

By The Associated Press | From Page: A1 | Gallery

 
FBI: Denver girls may have tried to join jihadis

By The Associated Press | From Page: A1

IS fighters seize weapons cache meant for Kurds

By The Associated Press | From Page: A1

 
7 arrested in Oakland raid on Black Muslim Temple

By The Associated Press | From Page: A6

Stinky seaweed piling up at upscale Laguna Beach

By The Associated Press | From Page: A6

 
California man goes missing during road trip

By The Associated Press | From Page: A8

2nd guilty plea in California tainted beef case

By The Associated Press | From Page: A8

 
Golden Gate Bridge officials float sidewalk toll

By The Associated Press | From Page: A8

5 Jonestown victims buried in California

By The Associated Press | From Page: A8 | Gallery

 
New rules adopted in hopes of spurring home loans

By The Associated Press | From Page: B8

Former Washington Post editor Ben Bradlee dies

By The Associated Press | From Page: A9

 
Pakistani Nobel laureate honored in Philadelphia

By The Associated Press | From Page: A9

Cadaver dog searches in suspected serial killings

By The Associated Press | From Page: A10

 
Schools scoured in search for ambush suspect

By The Associated Press | From Page: A10

AP-GfK Poll: Most expect GOP victory in November

By The Associated Press | From Page: A10 | Gallery

 
Freed Vietnamese dissident travels to US: official

By The Associated Press | From Page: A13

North Korea frees US man; 2 more still detained

By The Associated Press | From Page: A13

 
Brown meets with health care experts about Ebola

By The Associated Press | From Page: A14

US expands Ebola checks; Rwanda to check Americans

By The Associated Press | From Page: A14

 
WHO: Ebola vaccine trials in W. Africa in January

By The Associated Press | From Page: A14

.

Opinion

Editorial Cartoons: Wednesday, Oct. 22, 2014

By Daily Republic Syndicated Content | From Page: A11

 
Spering kept youth league going

By Letter to the Editor | From Page: A11, 11 Comments

Day, Blankenchip good for respective cities

By Letter to the Editor | From Page: A11, 2 Comments

 
‘Misleading’ mailer sent to residents

By Letter to the Editor | From Page: A11, 2 Comments

.

Living

Community Calendar: Oct. 22, 2014

By Susan Hiland | From Page: A2

 
Hummus and chocolate together? Deliciously so!

By The Associated Press | From Page: B7 | Gallery

Easy slow cooker chili that lives up to the hype

By The Associated Press | From Page: B7 | Gallery

 
Roasted beets can brighten up any holiday table

By The Associated Press | From Page: B7 | Gallery

.

Entertainment

Argentina demands ‘Top Gear’ apology from BBC

By The Associated Press | From Page: A7

 
‘S.H.I.E.L.D’ fans push for Coulson/May romance

By The Associated Press | From Page: A7 | Gallery

From Kors to DVF, fashion mourns de la Renta

By The Associated Press | From Page: A7 | Gallery

 
.

Sports

Local report: Vikings earn 3-0 SCAC volleyball win over Wolves

By Daily Republic staff | From Page: B1

 
SJS releases season’s first wins list

By Paul Farmer | From Page: B1 | Gallery

Bumgarner, Giants stop Royals 7-1 in Series opener

By The Associated Press | From Page: B1 | Gallery

 
Bruins hold off Sharks to win 5-3

By The Associated Press | From Page: B1 | Gallery

Logano: No worries about retaliation from Patrick

By The Associated Press | From Page: B2

 
Shaw shoulders blame for Stanford’s slide

By The Associated Press | From Page: B2

Cowboys release Michael Sam from practice squad

By The Associated Press | From Page: B2

 
Fighters suing Mayweather over Vegas cable TV bout

By The Associated Press | From Page: B2

49ers lose center Daniel Kilgore, needs surgery

By The Associated Press | From Page: B2 | Gallery

 
Raiders plagued by 3rd-down defensive woes

By The Associated Press | From Page: B2

For a young Mexican golf star, seeing helps him believe

By The Associated Press | From Page: B2

 
Newman dodges penalty for Talladega inspection

By The Associated Press | From Page: B2

WS Game 2 starters Ventura, Peavy study in contrasts

By The Associated Press | From Page: B3 | Gallery

 
Hats off! Royals get old-timey with tip o’ the hat

By The Associated Press | From Page: B3

KC, San Fran mayors announce World Series wager

By The Associated Press | From Page: B3

 
Ezeli returns as Warriors beat Clippers 125-107

By The Associated Press | From Page: B3

Buster’s back: Posey tries to add 3rd Series ring

By The Associated Press | From Page: B3 | Gallery

 
AP sources: Rice’s appeal hearing set for Nov. 5-6

By The Associated Press | From Page: B3

Kings GM: NHL should educate after Voynov’s arrest

By The Associated Press | From Page: B3

 
Broncos are still No. 1 in AP Pro32 rankings

By The Associated Press | From Page: B9 | Gallery

‘Blade Runner’ Pistorius gets 5 years in prison

By The Associated Press | From Page: A12 | Gallery

 
.

Business

Google’s streaming music service adds mood to mix

By The Associated Press | From Page: B8

 
5 problems McDonald’s is facing in the US

By The Associated Press | From Page: B8 | Gallery

New efforts to ban tobacco farm child labor

By The Associated Press | From Page: B8 | Gallery

 
Total CEO killed in Moscow runway crash

By The Associated Press | From Page: B8

China economy grows at slowest pace in 5 years

By The Associated Press | From Page: B8

 
.

Obituaries

Rufina Ferrer Levengood

By Nancy Green | From Page: A4

 
.

Comics

Baldo

By Daily Republic Syndicated Content | From Page: B5

 
Peanuts

By Daily Republic Syndicated Content | From Page: B5

Blondie

By Daily Republic Syndicated Content | From Page: B5

 
Pickles

By Daily Republic Syndicated Content | From Page: B5

Beetle Bailey

By Daily Republic Syndicated Content | From Page: B5

 
Dilbert

By Daily Republic Syndicated Content | From Page: B5

Frank and Ernest

By Daily Republic Syndicated Content | From Page: B5

 
Sally Forth

By Daily Republic Syndicated Content | From Page: B5

Garfield

By Daily Republic Syndicated Content | From Page: B5

 
B.C.

By Daily Republic Syndicated Content | From Page: B5

Wizard of Id

By Daily Republic Syndicated Content | From Page: B5

 
For Better or Worse

By Daily Republic Syndicated Content | From Page: B5

Get Fuzzy

By Daily Republic Syndicated Content | From Page: B5

 
Baby Blues

By Daily Republic Syndicated Content | From Page: B5

Rose is Rose

By Daily Republic Syndicated Content | From Page: B5

 
Zits

By Daily Republic Syndicated Content | From Page: B5

Cryptoquote

By Daily Republic Syndicated Content | From Page: B6

 
Crossword

By Daily Republic Syndicated Content | From Page: B6

Bridge

By Daily Republic Syndicated Content | From Page: B6

 
Sudoku

By Daily Republic Syndicated Content | From Page: B6

Word Sleuth

By Daily Republic Syndicated Content | From Page: B6