Today is Tuesday, July 8, the 189th day of 2014. There are 176 days left in the year.
On July 8, 1889, The Wall Street Journal was first published. (Price of a copy: two cents.)
On this date:
In 1663, King Charles II of England granted a Royal Charter to Rhode Island.
In 1776, Col. John Nixon gave the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence, outside the State House (now Independence Hall) in Philadelphia.
In 1853, an expedition led by Commodore Matthew Perry arrived in Yedo Bay, Japan, on a mission to seek diplomatic and trade relations with the Japanese.
In 1907, Florenz Ziegfeld staged his first “Follies,” on the roof of the New York Theater.
In 1914, jazz singer and bandleader Billy Eckstine was born in Pittsburgh.
In 1919, President Woodrow Wilson received a tumultuous welcome in New York City after his return from the Versailles Peace Conference in France.
In 1947, demolition work began in New York City to make way for the new permanent headquarters of the United Nations.
In 1950, President Harry S. Truman named Gen. Douglas MacArthur commander-in-chief of United Nations forces in Korea. (Truman ended up sacking MacArthur for insubordination nine months later.)
In 1962, just after midnight local time, Alitalia Flight 771, a DC-8, crashed as it was approaching Bombay (Mumbai), India, killing all 94 people on board.
In 1972, the Nixon administration announced a deal to sell $750 million in grain to the Soviet Union. (However, the Soviets were also engaged in secretly buying subsidized American grain, resulting in what critics dubbed “The Great Grain Robbery.”)
In 1989, Carlos Saul Menem was inaugurated as president of Argentina in the country’s first transfer of power from one democratically elected civilian leader to another in six decades.
In 1994, Kim Il Sung, North Korea’s communist leader since 1948, died at age 82.
Ten years ago: Adelphia Communications Corp. founder John Rigas and his son Timothy were convicted in New York of looting the cable company and deceiving investors. (John Rigas was sentenced to 12 years in prison; Timothy Rigas, 17.) A Swedish appeals court threw out a life prison sentence for the convicted killer of Foreign Minister Anna Lindh, ruling that Mijailo Mijailovic should receive treatment for his “significant psychiatric problems.” (The Swedish Supreme Court later overturned the ruling and gave Mijailovic life in prison; in a 2011 newspaper interview, Mijailovic said he had faked mental illness during his trial in an attempt to get a less severe sentence.)
Five years ago: Group of Eight leaders, including President Barack Obama, pledged to dramatically cut greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 as they met in L’Aquila, Italy. South Korea blamed North Korea for cyberattacks targeting its websites as well as those in the U.S.
One year ago: Breaking their public silence, three women who’d been held captive in a Cleveland home for a decade issued a YouTube video; in it, Amanda Berry, Gina DeJesus and Michelle Knight thanked the public for the encouragement and financial support allowing them to restart their lives.
Today’s birthdays: Singer Steve Lawrence is 79. Actor Jeffrey Tambor is 70. Ballerina Cynthia Gregory is 68. Actress Kim Darby is 67. Children’s performer Raffi is 66. Actress Anjelica Huston is 63. Writer Anna Quindlen is 62. Actor Kevin Bacon is 56. Actor Robert Knepper is 55. Rock musician Andy Fletcher (Depeche Mode) is 53. Country singer Toby Keith is 53. Rock musician Graham Jones (Haircut 100) is 53. Rock singer Joan Osborne is 52. Writer-producer Rob Burnett is 52. Actor Rocky Carroll is 51. Actor Corey Parker is 49. Actor Lee Tergesen is 49. Actor Billy Crudup is 46. Actor Michael Weatherly is 46. Singer Beck is 44. Country singer Drew Womack (Sons of the Desert) is 44. Actress Kathleen Robertson is 41. Christian rock musician Stephen Mason (Jars of Clay) is 39. Actor Milo Ventimiglia is 37. Rock musician Tavis Werts is 37. Singer Ben Jelen is 35. Actor Lance Gross is 33. Actress Sophia Bush is 32. Rock musician Jamie Cook (Arctic Monkeys) is 29. Actor Jake McDorman is 28. Actor Jaden Smith is 16.
Thought for today: “For everything you have missed, you have gained something else, and for everything you gain, you lose something else.” — Ralph Waldo Emerson, American essayist, poet and philosopher (1803-1882).