Today is Tuesday, July 22, the 203rd day of 2014. There are 162 days left in the year.
On July 22, 1934, bank robber John Dillinger was shot to death by federal agents outside Chicago’s Biograph Theater, where he had just seen the Clark Gable movie “Manhattan Melodrama.”
On this date:
In 1587, an English colony fated to vanish under mysterious circumstances was established on Roanoke Island off North Carolina.
In 1796, Cleveland, Ohio, was founded by General Moses Cleaveland.
In 1893, Wellesley College professor Katharine Lee Bates visited the summit of Pikes Peak, where she was inspired to write the original version of her poem “America the Beautiful.”
In 1916, a bomb went off during a Preparedness Day parade in San Francisco, killing 10 people.
In 1933, American aviator Wiley Post completed the first solo flight around the world as he returned to New York’s Floyd Bennett Field after traveling for 7 days, 18 and 3/4 hours.
In 1943, American forces led by Gen. George S. Patton captured Palermo, Sicily, during World War II.
In 1944, the Bretton Woods Monetary Conference concluded in New Hampshire with an agreement to establish the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.
In 1946, Jewish extremists blew up a wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 90 people.
In 1963, Sonny Liston knocked out Floyd Patterson in the first round of their rematch in Las Vegas to retain the world heavyweight title.
In 1975, the House of Representatives joined the Senate in voting to restore the American citizenship of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee.
In 1983, Samantha Smith and her parents returned home to Manchester, Maine, after completing a whirlwind tour of the Soviet Union.
In 2011, Anders Breivik massacred 69 people at a Norwegian island youth retreat after detonating a bomb in nearby Oslo that killed eight others in the nation’s worst violence since World War II.
Ten years ago: The September 11 commission issued a report saying America’s leaders failed to grasp the gravity of terrorist threats before the devastating attacks of 9/11, but stopped short of blaming President George W. Bush and former President Bill Clinton. The Army Inspector General’s office released a report on abuses by U.S. troops in Iraq and Afghanistan which found 94 cases of confirmed or alleged abuse and 39 deaths. A new high-speed passenger train derailed in northwestern Turkey, killing 37 people.
Five years ago: President Barack Obama told a prime-time press conference that Cambridge, Massachusetts, police had acted “stupidly” in the arrest of prominent black scholar Henry Louis Gates Jr., and that despite racial progress, blacks and Hispanics were still singled out unfairly for arrest. Earlier, the president met at the White House with Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki. Millions of Asians witnessed the longest solar eclipse of this century; in some areas, totality lasted as long as six minutes and 39 seconds.
One year ago: Frenzied crowds of Roman Catholics in Rio de Janeiro mobbed the car carrying Pope Francis as he returned to his home continent for the first time as pontiff, embarking on a seven-day visit. The Duchess of Cambridge, the former Kate Middleton, gave birth to a son, Prince George, who became third in line to the British throne after Prince Charles and Prince William. 2011 National League MVP Ryan Braun was suspended without pay for the rest of the season and the postseason, the start of sanctions involving players reportedly tied to a Florida clinic accused of distributing performance-enhancing drugs. Onetime Chicago cop-turned-actor Dennis Farina, 69, died in Scottsdale, Arizona.
Today’s Birthdays: Opera singer Licia Albanese is 101. Former Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole, R-Kan., is 91. Actor-comedian Orson Bean is 86. Fashion designer Oscar de la Renta is 82. Actress Louise Fletcher is 80. Rhythm-and-blues singer Chuck Jackson is 77. Actor Terence Stamp is 76. Game show host Alex Trebek is 74. Singer George Clinton is 73. Actor-singer Bobby Sherman is 71. Former Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison, R-Texas, is 71. Movie writer-director Paul Schrader is 68. Actor Danny Glover is 68. Singer Mireille Mathieu is 68. Actor-comedian-director Albert Brooks is 67. Rock singer Don Henley is 67. Movie composer Alan Menken is 65. Singer-actress Lonette McKee is 61. Jazz musician Al Di Meola is 60. Actor Willem Dafoe is 59. Rhythm-and-blues singer Keith Sweat is 53. Actress Joanna Going is 51. Actor Rob Estes is 51. Folk singer Emily Saliers (Indigo Girls) is 51. Actor John Leguizamo is 50. Actor-comedian David Spade is 50. Actor Patrick Labyorteaux is 49. Rock musician Pat Badger is 47. Actress Irene Bedard is 47. Actor Rhys Ifans is 47. Actor Colin Ferguson is 42. Rock musician Daniel Jones is 41. Singer Rufus Wainwright is 41. Actress Franka Potente is 40. Actress A.J. Cook is 36. Actor Keegan Allen (TV: “Pretty Little Liars”) is 27. Actress Camila Banus (“Days of Our Lives”) is 24. Actress Selena Gomez is 22.
Thought for Today: “I hold that man is in the right who is most closely in league with the future. ” — Henrik Ibsen, Norwegian dramatist (1828-1906).