Today is Monday, August 4, the 216th day of 2014. There are 149 days left in the year.
On August 4, 1944, 15-year-old diarist Anne Frank was arrested with her sister, parents and four others by the Gestapo after hiding for two years inside a building in Amsterdam. (Anne and her sister, Margot, died the following year at the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.)
On this date:
In 1735, a jury found John Peter Zenger of the New York Weekly Journal not guilty of committing seditious libel against the colonial governor of New York, William Cosby.
In 1790, the Coast Guard had its beginnings as the Revenue Cutter Service.
In 1830, plans for the city of Chicago were laid out.
In 1892, Andrew and Abby Borden were axed to death in their home in Fall River, Massachusetts. Lizzie Borden, Andrew’s daughter from a previous marriage, was accused of the killings, but acquitted at trial.
In 1914, Britain declared war on Germany for invading Belgium; the United States proclaimed its neutrality in the mushrooming world conflict.
In 1916, the United States reached agreement with Denmark to purchase the Danish Virgin Islands for $25 million.
In 1936, Jesse Owens of the U.S. won the second of his four gold medals at the Berlin Olympics as he prevailed in the long jump over German Luz Long, who was the first to congratulate him.
In 1964, the bodies of missing civil rights workers Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James Chaney were found buried in an earthen dam in Mississippi.
In 1972, Arthur Bremer was convicted and sentenced in Upper Marlboro, Maryland, to 63 years in prison for his attempt on the life of Alabama Gov. George C. Wallace (the sentence was later reduced to 53 years; Bremer was released in 2007).
In 1977, President Jimmy Carter signed a measure establishing the Department of Energy.
In 1987, the Federal Communications Commission voted to abolish the Fairness Doctrine, which required radio and television stations to present balanced coverage of controversial issues.
In 1991, the Greek luxury liner Oceanos sank in heavy seas off South Africa’s southeast coast; all the passengers and crew members survived.
Ten years ago: Richard Smith, a Staten Island ferry pilot, pleaded guilty to manslaughter in a crash that killed 11 in October 2003, acknowledging that he’d passed out at the helm after arriving at work with medication in his system. (Smith was sentenced to 18 months in prison.) Former teacher Mary Kay Letourneau, convicted of having sex with a sixth-grade pupil, was released from a Washington state prison after 7½ years behind bars.
Five years ago: North Korean leader Kim Jong Il pardoned American journalists Laura Ling and Euna Lee for entering the country illegally and ordered their release during a surprise visit by former U.S. President Bill Clinton. Taliban militants unleashed a wave of rockets at Kabul’s international airport and government buildings less than three weeks before Afghanistan’s presidential election. A gunman opened fire in a health club in Bridgeville, Pennsylvania, killing three women before killing himself.
One year ago: Security forces closed roads, put up extra blast walls and increased patrols near some of the more than 20 U.S. diplomatic missions in the Muslim world that Washington had ordered closed for the weekend following warnings of a possible al-Qaida attack. Missy Franklin claimed her record sixth gold medal on the final day of the world championships in Barcelona, becoming the most successful female swimmer ever at a world meet. American Stacy Lewis won the Women’s British Open, finishing with a pair of birdies and closing with an even-par 72. Pro Football Hall of Famer Art Donovan, 89, died in Baltimore.
Today’s birthdays: Singer Frankie Ford is 75. Actress-singer Tina Cole is 71. Actor-comedian Richard Belzer is 70. Football Hall-of-Famer John Riggins is 65. Former Attorney General Alberto Gonzales is 59. Actor-screenwriter Billy Bob Thornton is 59. Actress Kym Karath (“The Sound of Music”) is 56. Hall of Fame track star Mary Decker Slaney is 56. Actress Lauren Tom is 55. President Barack Obama is 53. Producer Michael Gelman (“Live! With Kelly and Michael”) is 53. Retired MLB All-Star pitcher Roger Clemens is 52. Actress Crystal Chappell is 49. Author Dennis Lehane is 49. Rock musician Rob Cieka (Boo Radleys) is 46. Actor Daniel Dae Kim is 46. Actor Michael DeLuise is 45. Actor Ron Lester is 44. Race car driver Jeff Gordon is 43. Rapper-actress Yo-Yo is 43. Country singer Jon Nicholson is 41. Rhythm-and-blues singer-actor Marques Houston is 33. Actress Meghan Markle is 33. Actress Greta Gerwig is 31. Country singer Crystal Bowersox (“American Idol”) is 29. Rock singer Tom Parker (The Wanted) is 26. Actors Cole and Dylan Sprouse are 22. Singer Jessica Sanchez (“American Idol”) is 19.
Thought for today: “How wonderful it is that nobody need wait a single moment before starting to improve the world.” — Anne Frank (1929-1945).